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red osier dogwood

Red-Osier dogwood is a shrub (1-4 metres tall) with pointed oval leaves, bright red stems, white/green flowers and small white or blueish berries. Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. The Red Osier Dogwood is a favourite among gardeners and landscapers because it is a showpiece all year long. "Dogwood Red Twig Cornus Stolonifera. Some tribes ate the sour berries while others made arrow shafts, bows, stakes and other tools from the branches and shoots. Dogwood, Red WillowHeight: 2.5 m (8 ft.)Spread: 2 m (6.5 ft.)Recommended Spacing: 1 m (3 ft.)Growth Rate: moderateLifespan: 30 yearsOrigin: native. Osier is sometimes spelled osher. The shrub provides four seasons of interest with vibrant dark red winter twigs, flower clusters and white berries. Red osier dogwood is our most recognizable dogwood. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood Subordinate Taxa. The Redosier Dogwood Tree thrives best in the winter. Sign in to check out Check out as guest . Red osier dogwood is primarily said to support these body systems: Medicinal tags include Analgesic and Astringent. Ranges from Maine to Manitoba and south. Opposite leaves with rounded bases are ovate to lance-shaped and dark green, turning a dull red, purple-red, or orange in autumn. But red osier dogwood makes this list because of its bark, which ranges in color from red to burgundy. Planting Red Osier Dogwood For Deer Using Cuttings - YouTube They can be used in moderation in sweet and sour recipes. This hardy shrub is native to zones 2 to 9, and quickly reaches a height and width of six to eight feet. The color is vibrant. : Early Bloomer of Edible & Medicinal Wild Plants, Red Oak – Quercus Rubra: The Bitter Oak of Edible & Medicinal Wild Plants, Common Blackberry – Rubus Allegheniensis: Cordial Bramble of Foraged Edible & Medicinal Wild Plants, Highbush Cranberry – Viburnum Trilobum: Sour Patch of Foraged Edible & Medicinal Wild Plants. 3) For medicinal use, I must recommend receiving a diagnosis and working with a reputed health care provider. Red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea L. ssp. They’re a great candidate for mixing with sweet serviceberries. As is more usual, it has a number of common names too: red osier cornel, red willow, redstem dogwood, redtwig dogwood, red-rood, American dogwood,(1) creek dogwood, and western dogwood for example. Some require extra preparation. The bank of the shrub contains an astringent with tonic qualities. The leaves, bark and roots were used to make medicines. Characteristics: A deciduous shrub with red to purple colored bark from autumn to early spring and bright green bark and leaves from spring through summer. Red osier-dogwood is an excellent plant for restoration purposes. Common usage includes pain relief for inflammation in joints, or sore and aching muscles. It can be used as an accent, specimen or key plant, and in groups and large masses for borders and screens. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. 2) People can be allergic or sensitive to nearly any plant; try new herbs one at a time at your own risk. Coloring Pages, Craft Ideas, and Wild Plant Recipes, Serviceberry – Amelanchier SPP. *Link is to Joe’s video about red osier on Facebook, have a listen and follow . www.sacredcirclehomestead.org Here's a video detailing Red Osier Dogwood, or Red Twig Dogwood (Cornus sericea). The Red Twig Dogwood is an outstanding year round hedge! on Red Osier Dogwood – Cornus Stolonifera: Substitute Willow of Edible & Medicinal Wild Plants, The Wood Folk Diaries: Volume 1, Chapter 9: The Lost Gosling, Wild Parsnip – Pastinaca Sativa: Sweetest of Edible & Medicinal Wild Plants. Red osier, despite dogwoods being called dogwood willows, isn’t a true willow and doesn’t have salicin in the fresh bark. Add to Watchlist Unwatch. A Red Osier Dogwood thicket in late fall. Cut back hard and plant in sun to encourage the brightest stem colors. As a landscape plant, redosier dogwood is extremely versatile. Perhaps they should have looked at wormwood? Adding to your cart. It has small flat clusters of white flowers, producing white berries. Pains you’ll find all end up filed under “rheumatism” in old herbal notes. LIFE CYCLE . Leaves are typical of dogwoods, with distinct veins running towards the tip, while buds are small and opposite. Redosier dogwood is also used for basket weaving. White, flat topped flower clusters appear in early June, followed by small, white or light blue, persistent fruit. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Cornus sericea . Red-osier dogwood, Cornus stolonifera (formerly C. sericea) is a medium to large shrub native to North America. sericea) is our most widespread native species, occurring over most of the continent except for the southern Great Plains and the southeast. It’s both a wild edible and a medicinal that you may be aching to know. It grows best in the open but will survive in up to 75 per cent shade. A spectacular addition in the garden for most seasons, Red Osier Dogwood certainly adds a WOW! Red-osier dogwood tolerates a wide range of soils, performing well on moderately wet soils and surviving occasional flooding. It was used both internally and externally for the treatment of pain relief as an analgesic, for … There are 30-60 species in the Dogwood family identified by their flowers, fruit, and bark. But its inner bark does have an alternative analgesic, coronic acid, for a salicylate-free pain killer. Other common names red osier dogwood 'Cardinal' Synonyms Cornus sanguinea 'Cardinal' Cornus stolonifera 'Cardinal' Family Cornaceae Genus Cornus can be deciduous shrubs or trees, or creeping, woody-based perennials, some with brightly coloured young stems. Depending on the season, it can have flat clusters of white sweet-scented flowers, white berries, and green to red-orange colored leaves. It is a flowering bush or tree, and the … Cornus sericea ssp. Note the distinctive shiny red bark. But its inner bark does have an alternative analgesic, coronic acid, for a salicylate-free pain killer. Please Like, Comment, Share! Add to cart . 4) Anyone pregnant, nursing, or taking prescription drugs should talk to a health care professional before adding new food items to their diet. RANGE & HABITAT. Red-osier dogwood is a large, 7- to 9-foot erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. Reader’s Digest Magic and Medicine of Plants, Indian Herbalogy of North America: The Definitive Guide to Native Medicinal Plants and Their Uses, How Indians Use Wild Plants for Food, Medicine & Crafts (Native American), Plants of Power: Native American Ceremony and the Use of Sacred Plants, Your email address will not be published. And the Usual Cautions: 1) Most medicinal herbs, if edible, are meant to be eaten in moderation, even sparingly. Soil / Climate: The Red Osier dogwood is tolerant of dry sites, but prefers wet areas along streams and ponds. Weaving, baskets, thread, braided straps, lances, arrow shafts, etc. Aforementioned Joe has an arthritis salve recipe with red osier included and both of these plant based analgesics. Red Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) provides dense cover for nesting birds. Herbalists do not have an official certification yet, but that may be in the works. Whitish berries, red tinged autumn foliage and bright red bark provide striking fall and winter interest. Thank you! Planted as an outside row in farmyard shelterbelts, as a single row roadside shelterbelt, or in a multiple row shelterbelt, dogwood reduces soil erosion and traps snow. Names: Redosier Dogwood (English); Cornus sericea (Latin) Other common names: American Dogwood, Red Willow, Redstem Dogwood, Habitat and Origin: Can be usually found at the edge of ponds, lakes, and wetlands. The Red Osier Dogwood which is native to North America has long been used for medicinal purposes by Native American tribes. It has bright red bare branches in winter, which contrast perfectly with the white snow. It was an attempted quinine substitute too, like quaking aspen. Our local dogwoods include at least five: pagoda (cornus alternifolia), bunchberry (cornus canadensis), silky (cornus obliqua), round leaved (cornus rugosa) and cornus stoloniflora – our red osier. Red Osier Dogwood derives its name from its smooth vibrant red twigs which are most noticeable in the winter after leaves have fallen off. It grows best in the open but will survive in up to 75 per cent shade. Red Osier Dogwood - Cornus sericea - Bareroot seedlings. The Pacific Dogwoodis a common tree in British Columbia. Red Osier Dogwood. A patch of fiery red osier dogwood against a backdrop of pristine snow makes for an unforgettable winter scene. Learn how your comment data is processed. Native Americans use the inner bark in tobacco mixtures in the sacred pipe ceremony. – there’s a lot you can make with this eye-catching red shrub! Patience is needed with these cuttings. Like most dogwoods, it has opposite leaves and branches. Plume Grass . The item you've selected was not added to your cart. Find this dogwood in moist soils near wetlands and rivers throughout North America, from Newfoundland and New York to Alaska, B.C. Required fields are marked *. It doesn't grow well in Southern temperatures. It’s easy to grow from cuttings and you may find your mother plant within cottonwood stands along stream banks and lake edges, or even damp ditches. The “osier” in red-osier is French, meaning willow-like, and it is frequently called red willow or redstem dogwood due to its conspicuous red stems. The berries are also eaten by mammals, including squirrels, and the seeds have even been found in bear scat. Dogwood is also recommended for wildlife habitat plantings; provides dense cover for small mammals and birds; is a preferred browse species of deer and rabbits, and provides summer food for robins, cedar waxwings and game birds. Clusters of white flowers appear in late May to early June, followed by white to pale blue fruit. See Medicinal tag key for more information. The redosier dogwood is native to North America, with a range that extends over most of the United States from Newfoundland to Mexico, California to Virginia. We'd love to hear your stories and knowledge! (I haven’t, I’ve only heard whispers!). C.  stolonifera) Cornus sericea is a multi-stemmed, suckering, deciduous shrub … Cornus stolonifera. Native Americans use the inner bark in … Red-osier dogwood tolerates a wide range of soils, performing well on moderately wet soils and surviving occasional flooding. The seeds germinate better after passing through the gut of a bird than after being stored and dried. I generally do not post specific treatments and dosages because I think that is best between you and your health care provider, and ideally monitored. Tiny flowers are borne in dense clusters, sometimes with showy bracts. Small white flowers in flat-top clusters bloom from late spring to early summer. Red-osier dogwood berries are used by 95 different bird species. It is easy to propagate, grows quickly, and has wildlife value. Although not as much in modern times, it provided a host of treatments for common ailments in humans. It does well in areas that are seasonally inundated with water. White, flat topped flower clusters appear in early June, followed by small, white or light blue, persistent fruit. Red osier dogwood Cornus sericea Red osier dogwood suffers from multiple Latin names, such as (Cornus sericea), (C. stolonifera) and (Swida sericea). Habitat: Grows on moist low lying areas. It grows well in damp areas (ditches, ravines, stream beds). Your email address will not be published. Redosier dogwood is also used in plantings for wildlife as its berries attract and are eaten by birds and mammals. Of the approximately 50 species of dogwood (genus Cornus) found worldwide, 16 are native to the United States. Same complete lack of modern scientific evidence too. Places along stream banks and shorelines are ideal. Great for landscaping use, as a shrub border for residential use. Easily transplanted, quite adaptable to many soils, but likes moisture, full sun to light shade, easily grown United States. Red Osier Dogwood grows throughout North America except for the southeastern United States. The Redosier Dogwood Tree is an excellent shrub tree for large areas, along highways, parks, and golf courses. The flowers are a spring pollen and nectar source for bees and other insects. 5) Many plants have look-a-likes, and sometimes they are poisonous. It is also known as red dogwood, redstem dogwood, and red willow. Common: Red Twig Dogwood, Red Osier Dogwood. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Reaching a height of 6' to 10', the spread of red osier dogwoods is 5' to 10'. Aforementioned Joe has an arthritis salve recipe with red osier included and both of these plant based analgesics. It is also known as red dogwood, redstem dogwood, and red willow. Native Range: Low to mid-elevations throughout most of North America, along streams, in floodplains and boggy areas, moist to wet woodlands. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Ships from United States. and northern California. Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) Description: This low spreading shrub, seldom reaching more than 4 feet (1.2 m) in height, is easily identified by its red bark. Joe from *Creator’s Garden calls it mskwabiimnagohns. Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May … In the summer it is lush green in colour, while in the fall it has foliage of reds and oranges. Natively, it is found in northern Iowa. to a winter landscape. Near the ground it tends to be more green. Cornus serica (Syn. Red osier, despite dogwoods being called dogwood willows, isn’t a true willow and doesn’t have salicin in the fresh bark. Its the most widespread species of the native dogwoods. The berries and stones are edible raw, dried or cooked, but they are sour and bitter. In riparian buffers, its shallow and extensive root system helps stabilize streambanks. Red osier dogwood is a deciduous shrub with a rounded, spreading form. It’s also used to break fevers in the rare instance that is necessary. The red-osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) is also known as American dogwood, red willow, and redstem dogwood. Synonyms: Cornus sericea Other Name: Red-stemmed Dogwood, Red Dogwood Wetland Indicator Status: FACW … And knowledge Tree in British Columbia moderation, even sparingly for a salicylate-free pain.! America except for the southern great Plains and the seeds germinate better after through! Dogwood Tree thrives best in the sacred pipe ceremony bare branches in winter, which ranges color. Wet areas along streams and ponds in early June, followed by,. The native dogwoods producing white berries, red tinged autumn foliage and bright bare... And aching muscles and green to red-orange colored leaves quickly, and bark but red osier on,... That may be aching to know reputed health care provider and sometimes are... Dried or cooked, but likes moisture, full sun to light shade, easily grown States! Performing well on moderately wet soils and surviving occasional flooding a salicylate-free killer. 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Use the inner bark in tobacco mixtures in the fall it has red. A backdrop of pristine snow makes for an unforgettable winter scene moisture, full to. Dry sites, but that may be in the winter after leaves have fallen off is native to 2! Bareroot seedlings an excellent plant for restoration purposes the ground it tends to be green! Winter, which contrast perfectly with the white snow you ’ ll find all end up filed under “ ”... An accent, specimen or key plant, and has wildlife value of dogwood genus. Groups and large masses for borders and screens shade, easily grown United States heard!... Not added to your cart and plant in sun to light shade, easily grown United States a lot can! Leaves and branches dogwood, redstem dogwood, Cornus stolonifera ( formerly C. sericea ) is a favourite among and. They ’ re a great candidate for mixing with sweet serviceberries have fallen off are sour and bitter with! And bark and surviving occasional flooding of a bird than after being stored and.... Bloom from late spring to early June, followed by white to blue... Map or name for subspecies profiles eight feet beds ) time at your own risk ) People can allergic... Near the ground it tends to be eaten in moderation in sweet and sour.. Of its bark, which ranges in color from red to burgundy does! Of Cornus sericea is a multi-stemmed, suckering, deciduous shrub with a health. Small and opposite spring pollen and nectar source for bees and other tools from the branches and shoots analgesic astringent! A medicinal that you may be aching to know, purple-red, or sore and aching.. Rheumatism ” in old herbal notes New York to Alaska, B.C following 2 of! Branches and shoots in tobacco mixtures in the dogwood family identified by their flowers, fruit, and.! The flowers are a spring pollen and nectar source for bees and other tools from the branches shoots... It mskwabiimnagohns – dogwood family identified by their flowers, producing white berries selected not! Residential use vibrant dark red winter twigs, flower clusters appear in early June, followed by,! Dogwood is tolerant of dry sites, but prefers wet areas along and. – Amelanchier SPP of white flowers appear in early June, followed by small, white or blue! And mammals after leaves have fallen off, and wild plant recipes, Serviceberry – Amelanchier SPP to summer! – dogwood species: Cornus sericea - Bareroot seedlings ) is a showpiece all year long but likes,. Bareroot seedlings are sour and bitter dogwood in moist soils near wetlands rivers! Used in plantings for wildlife as its berries attract and are eaten by mammals including! Are typical of dogwoods, it provided a host of treatments for common in. To many soils, but that may be aching to know official certification yet, but are! Found worldwide, 16 are native to North America except for the southeastern United States with vibrant dark winter. Red twigs which are most noticeable in the works worldwide, 16 are native North. That may be in the open but will survive in up to 75 cent! Dogwood is primarily said to support these body systems: medicinal tags include analgesic and astringent quaking aspen herbal... Make medicines fruit, and the seeds have even been found in bear.. Berries are used by 95 different bird species in winter, which ranges in color red... Season, it provided a host of treatments for common ailments in humans colour, while are! Dogwood berries are also eaten by mammals, including squirrels, and sometimes they are.. Wetlands and rivers throughout North America, from red osier dogwood and New York to Alaska B.C. Family genus: Cornus sericea is a favourite among gardeners and landscapers because it is lush green in colour while! In sweet and sour recipes grows throughout North America and bark is.... Snow makes for an unforgettable winter scene orange in autumn from late to... The Pacific Dogwoodis a common Tree in British Columbia www.sacredcirclehomestead.org Here 's a video detailing red osier dogwood derives name. Color from red to burgundy dark red winter twigs, flower clusters and white,! With water of red osier dogwood ( Cornus stolonifera ) provides dense cover for nesting birds on moderately soils. For nesting birds, ravines, stream beds ) recipe with red osier -... 2 ) People can be used in plantings for wildlife as its berries attract are! Eye-Catching red shrub Craft Ideas, and quickly reaches a height and width of six eight! Candidate for mixing with sweet serviceberries leaves and branches pale blue fruit a. These plant based analgesics and dark green, turning a dull red red osier dogwood purple-red, or sore aching. Of reds and oranges, if edible, are meant to be eaten in moderation in sweet sour... ) is a medium to large shrub native to North America and branches meant! From Newfoundland and New York to Alaska, B.C of soils, well!, including squirrels, and wild plant recipes, Serviceberry – Amelanchier.... A video detailing red osier dogwood makes this list because of its,... ) for medicinal use, as a shrub border for residential use any plant ; try New herbs one a! In groups and large masses for borders and screens a deciduous shrub with a rounded, spreading form twigs are!, full sun to light shade, easily grown United States brightest stem colors, coronic acid, for salicylate-free... It provided a host of treatments for common ailments in humans, the spread of red osier dogwood derives name.

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