types of child labour
Child labour is the practice of having children engage in economic activity, on part or full … Mining, quarring - 6.5% 4. The consequences are staggering. While the number of working children has been declining slowly and there has also been a decline in the number of children employed in the worst forms of child labor, many still continue to work in dire conditions. It refers to a crime where children are forced to work from a very early age. Some different forms/types of child labour include slavery or such similar practices, sale and trafficking of children for child pornography or child prostitution and forced or bonded labour which leads to exploitation. In a populous country like India, providing considerable employment to all these children is not possible which makes child labour a serious problem. Unlike activities that help children develop, such as contributing to light housework or taking on a job during school holidays, child labour limits access to education and harms a child’s physical, mental and social growth. Feelings of shame, guilt or even confusion prevent young children from informing their parents about the event. Some states’ child labor laws go beyond the federal requirements. The agricultural sector in India majority employs child labourers while some labours are seen working in low-skilled yet labour-intensive sectors such as textiles or as domestic labourers or in heavy industry such as coal mining and diamond making. In India, according to Article 24, No child below the age of 14 years shall be employed to work in any factory or in any hazardous employment but unfortunately, the largest number of child workers in the world are seen in India. Child labour deprives children of their right to go to school and reinforces intergenerational cycles of poverty. Hazardous work is also one of the worst forms of child labour. But child labour in India can start even earlier with an estimated 10.1 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 years-old engaged in work. Child labour is not an issue which is restricted only to the Indian Subcontinent, but it is a global problem and it is the duty of every citizen to protect the rights of a child against exploitation. Laws: Bringing in laws that makes it illegal for children to work until they reach a certain age makes … In debt bondage child labour, a child is employed for work, through a verbal assurance … Thousands of children are forced to perform very hard tasks daily. As noted above, children in child labour include those in worst forms of child labour and children in employment below the minimum age, excluding children in permissible light work—where “permissible light work” is defined as any non-hazardous work by children (ages 12 to 14) of less than 14 hours during the reference week (for more details see ILO-IPEC, Diallo, Y., et al. Countries such as Bolivia, Colombia, Senegal and Indonesia, are among the most employed children for this type of task. Defining child labour in India: ILO’s definition of child labour is: “Work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. Estimation says that 158 million children aged 5 – 14 are engaged in child labor i.e. In these cases, social policies have not been successful in curbing the situation. 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